Phonological Background for the KAEPS system

When speaking an L2 (second/foreign language), most adult learners tend to have some consistent or fossilized accent. Such an accent, regarded as their interlanguage (IL) phonology, is apt to be greatly influenced by their L1 (native language) phonology. That is, they usually try to keep their L1 syllable structure and tend to transfer some of their L1 phonological rules to their L2 pronunciation.
In order to analyze an IL phonology, it is essential to have knowledge of the corresponding L1 and L2 phonologies. The following sites briefly describe Korean phonology, English phonology and the interlanguage phonology of Korean learners of English which are dealt with in the KAEPS system.

[last updated June 25, 1999]
Hyouk-Keun Kim