Waveforms, Spectrograms and actual Sounds

aspiration

cluster simplification

palatalization

velarized /l/

tapping

devoicing

voicing

Nasalization

/n/-Insertion


Allophone-based English Pronunciation

Aspiration

    Waveform and spectrogram of "to stand against" [sound] from "They announce that Abe is expected to stand against evil." [sentence sound]

Cluster Simplification
    Waveform and spectrogram of "different meaning" [sound] from "The word 'vague' must have a different meaning from 'ambiguous.'" [sentence sound]

Palatalization and Velarized /l/
    Waveform and spectrogram of "told you" [sound] from "Who'd told you to look at yourself in silence?" [sentence sound]

Tapping
    Waveform and spectrogram of "made of" [sound] from "The bag might be made of snake skin." [sentence sound]


Korean Accented English Pronunciation

Devoicing due to Neutralization

    Waveform and spectrogram of "cab should" [sound] from "The word 'cab' should be a short form for 'taxicab.'" [sentence sound]

    vs.

    Waveform and spectrogram of "cap should" [sound] from "The word 'cap' should be an adjective." [sentence sound]

Stop Voicing
    Waveform and spectrogram of "cap is" [sound] from "The cap is red, but I want to paint it black." [sentence sound]

    vs.

    Waveform and spectrogram of "cab is" [sound] from "The cab is backed into the garage." [sentence sound]

Nasalization
    Waveform and spectrogram of "cap must" [sound] from "A cap must be worn when anybody bakes bread here." [sentence sound].

    vs.

    Waveform and spectrogram of "cab must" [sound] from "I think the cab must be slower than her new car." [sentence sound].

/n/ Insertion
    Waveform and spectrogram of "look at yourself" [sound] from "Who'd told you to look at yourself in silence?" [sentence sound].


    [last updated June 25, 1999]
    Hyouk-Keun Kim